Cheat Sheet: Conversions & Substitutes

Measurement Conversion

Metric cup & spoon sizes*

cup metric
¼ cup 60ml
⅓ cup 80ml
½ cup 125ml
1 cup 250ml
spoon metric
¼ teaspoon 1.25ml
½ teaspoon 2.5ml
1 teaspoon 5ml
2 teaspoons 10ml
1 tablespoon (equal to 4 teaspoons) 20ml

Liquids*

metric cup imperial
30ml 1 fl oz
60ml ¼ cup 2 fl oz
80ml ⅓ cup 3 ½ fl oz
100ml 2 ¾ fl oz
125ml ½ cup 4 fl oz
150ml 5 fl oz
180ml ¾ cup 6 fl oz
200ml 7 fl oz
250ml 1 cup 8 ¾ fl oz
310ml 1 ¼ cups 10 ½ fl oz
375ml 1 ½ cups 13 fl oz
430ml 1 ¾ cups 15 fl oz
475ml 16 fl oz
500ml 2 cups 17 fl oz
625ml 2 ½ cups 21 ½ fl oz
750ml 3 cups 26 fl oz
1L 4 cups 35 fl oz
1.25L 5 cups 44 fl oz
1.5L 6 cups 52 fl oz
2L 8 cups 70 fl oz
2.5L 10 cups 88 fl oz

Mass (weight)*

10g ¼oz
15g ½oz
30g 1oz
60g 2oz
90g 3oz
125g 4oz (¼ lb)
155g 5oz
185g 6oz
220g 7oz
250g 8oz (½ lb)
280g 9oz
315g 10oz
345g 11oz
375g 12oz (¾ lb)
410g 13oz
440g 14oz
470g 15oz
500g (½ kg) 16oz (1 lb)
750g 24oz (1 ½ lb)
1kg 32oz (2 lb)
1.5kg 48oz (3 lb)
2kg 64oz (4 lb)
¼ cup 60ml
⅓ cup 80ml
½ cup 125ml
1 cup 250ml
spoon metric
¼ teaspoon 1.25ml
½ teaspoon 2.5ml
1 teaspoon 5ml
2 teaspoons 10ml
1 tablespoon (equal to 4 teaspoons) 20ml

Liquids*

metric cup imperial
30ml 1 fl oz
60ml ¼ cup 2 fl oz
80ml ⅓ cup 3 ½ fl oz
100ml 2 ¾ fl oz
125ml ½ cup 4 fl oz
150ml 5 fl oz
180ml ¾ cup 6 fl oz
200ml 7 fl oz
250ml 1 cup 8 ¾ fl oz
310ml 1 ¼ cups 10 ½ fl oz
375ml 1 ½ cups 13 fl oz
430ml 1 ¾ cups 15 fl oz
475ml 16 fl oz
500ml 2 cups 17 fl oz
625ml 2 ½ cups 21 ½ fl oz
750ml 3 cups 26 fl oz
1L 4 cups 35 fl oz
1.25L 5 cups 44 fl oz
1.5L 6 cups 52 fl oz
2L 8 cups 70 fl oz
2.5L 10 cups 88 fl oz

Mass (weight)*

10g ¼oz
15g ½oz
30g 1oz
60g 2oz
90g 3oz
125g 4oz (¼ lb)
155g 5oz
185g 6oz
220g 7oz
250g 8oz (½ lb)
280g 9oz
315g 10oz
345g 11oz
375g 12oz (¾ lb)
410g 13oz
440g 14oz
470g 15oz
500g (½ kg) 16oz (1 lb)
750g 24oz (1 ½ lb)
1kg 32oz (2 lb)
1.5kg 48oz (3 lb)
2kg 64oz (4 lb)

Substitutes

ingredient amount substitution
Buttermilk 1 cup 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar (white or cider) plus enough milk to make 1 cup (240 ml) (let stand 5-10 minutes)
Cake Flour 1 cup ¾ cup (100 grams) (180 ml) all purpose flour plus 2 tablespoons (20 grams) cornstarch (corn flour) (packed)
Cornstarch 1 tbsp. 2 tablespoons (25 grams) all purpose flour
Heavy Cream 1 cup ⅔ cup (160 ml) whole milk plus 1/3 cup (75 grams) melted unsalted butter
Honey 1 cup ¾ cup (180 ml) light or dark corn syrup plus ½ cup (100 grams) (120 ml) granulated white sugar
Icing Sugar 1 cup 1 cup of granulated sugar plus 1 tsp. cornstarch and grind in a blender until powdery
Self-Rising Flour 1 cup 1 cup (130 grams) (240 ml) similar grade (all purpose) flour plus 1 ½ teaspoons baking powder plus 1/4 teaspoon salt
Sour Cream 1 cup 1 cup (240 ml) (225 grams) plain yogurt
Whole Milk 1 cup ½ cup (120 ml) condensed milk plus ½ cup (120 ml) water or 1 cup (240 ml) skim milk plus 2 tablespoons (25 grams) melted butter or margarine

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